Indica, Sativa, and Hybrids: The Different Types of Cannabis

Before going to a cannabis dispensary, it’s very important to learn all about the different types of cannabis to know exactly what you’re looking for and how you can benefit from it. Sativa and Indica are the two main types of cannabis and they have different effects.

Sativa-based products are known to give you a high, so you feel energized and refreshed, making them perfect for those experiencing stress, anxiety, or just a lack of focus.

Indica-based products, on the other hand, offer the opposite, so you feel calmer, relaxed, and even sleepy, making them perfect for those suffering from insomnia.

Here, we take a closer look at these types of cannabis as well as hybrid varieties as well.


Mostly grown in Central America, Southeast Asia, and Africa, cannabis Sativa thrives in hot and dry climates and it’s what you mostly see in photos of marijuana featuring the popular five fingers.

Sativa usually contains a lower dose of cannabinoid (CBD) and a higher dose of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which means that it can give that “high” if you take it.

Because of its energizing effects, Sativa is recommended to be used during the day. You can choose from popular strains that include Durban Poison, Acapulco Gold, and Panama Red.


Cannabis Indica, on the other hand, thrives in dry yet extreme climates like those in Pakistan, India, and Turkey. Known for its chunkier leaves, cannabis Indica produces more buds and grows faster than Sativa, with strains containing higher levels of CBD and comparable levels of THC.

Cannabis Indica is associated with its relaxing effects, which is why it is indicated for pain, nausea, and poor appetite.

It is also consumed best at night; popular strains include Afghan and Hindu Kush as well as Granddaddy Purple. You can also learn about the different types of cannabis flowers under cannabis Indica through your preferred dispensary.

Cannabis Hybrids

Of course, there are hybrid strains, which are essentially a combination of both Sativa and Indica strains and are cultivated in greenhouses.

Hybrids are created by combining parent plants to produce a strain that contains a higher THC percentage and a unique ratio of both Sativa and Indica. Hybrid cannabis plants may look like either of their parent plants, which makes them more interesting.

It’s also easier for farmers and dispensaries to control the benefits that these hybrid products can offer, especially to patients undergoing treatment for chronic medical conditions like cancer and anxiety (Holland, 2021, “Hybrid in-depth” section).

The use of hybrid cannabis may also vary depending on the more dominant strain, so it’s crucial that you ask your dispensary for instructions before taking it to achieve the most benefits and avoid the downsides of using this medicinal drug.

Some of the most popular strains of hybrid cannabis that have been produced in the market include sativa-dominant (Sativa-dom), Indica-dominant (Indica-dom), and balanced.

You can also find names like Blue Dream, Pineapple Express, and Trainwreck in many dispensaries and they are all hybrid forms of the cannabis plant.


Holland, K. (2021, March 22). Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains. Healthline.


Related Articles